Leopard Cory (Corydoras julii)

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Corydoras julii1.jpg
Leopard Corydoras

Corydoras julii


75.708 liters
75,708.236 mL
75.7 Litres (20 US G.)

6.35 cm 5.1-6.4cm (2-2.5 ")




6.5 - 7.8

295.15 K
71.6 °F
531.27 °R
297.15 K
75.2 °F
534.87 °R
22 -24 °C (71.6-75.2°F)

2-20 °d

1:2 M:F

15-25 years

This animal is available captive bred


Additional names

Leopard Cat, Leopard Cory, Leopard Corydoras


Found in eastern Brazil, only available during dry season from Belem.


Usually when properly conditioned, the difference between the male and female Corydora becomes quite evident. Females have a larger underbelly, when viewed from the top will look a lot wider than a male. Males are smaller in length than females also.

Tank compatibility

Very peaceful community fish. Will not intentionally bother tank inhabitants, however their bumbling about the tank may bother more delicate fish or other bottom dwellers. Are best kept in groups of 5-6 or more.


As with most Corydoras, these fish will eat most food which sinks to the bottom of the tank. Sinking algae pellets should be supplemented with flake food or other sinking foods like catfish pellets.
Be aware these fish do have a carnivorous side to them and love foods such as Bloodworm and Brine Shrimp. Vegetable-based foods offer little nutrition to them. They will also eat any dead, dying, or even injured fish, that sit on the substrate too long. They're very opportunistic!

Feeding regime

These fish are most active at night, so feeding once before lights out is typically enough. Though they can easily be persuaded to feed during the day. Since they are slower eaters they should be allowed at least 30 minutes to consume their food.

Environment Specifics

Requires a sand or small gravel substrate and prefers a planted tank. Keeping a cory on sharp or large gravel can lead to damage to their barbels, which when infected will make it hard for the cory to find food.
Corys are sensitive to salt, as with other scaleless fish, adding salt to the tank will cause them harm.



This fish has a silver body with lots of interconnected merged black dots. It also has a row of connected dots travelling the length of each side of the body. It has a black flash on the tip of its dorsal fin and the caudal has unconnected black dots on it.
This Cory is often mistaken for species Corydoras trilineatus as they are very similar. C. julii has distinctive black dots on its head and body whilst C. trilineatus has these dots joined up into groups. C. julii is more rare than C. trilineatus, this will be reflected in the price of the fish.
A lot of aquatic stores sell fish marked as C.julii where in fact they are C. trilineatus.

Special notes

The Poison of the Corydoras

Many species of Corydoras have a poisonous self-defence mechanism against being eaten by much larger fish. All Corys have very sharp fin spines and some seem to give off a low level toxic chemical into the water when frightened or highly stressed.[1] This toxin is believed to be only mildly irritating to people and only if the person is stressing and handling the Cory with their bare hands and is stung.[2] [3]


A rare but recorded event is that at least some some species of Corys appear to be capable of releasing a poisonous mucus from its gills when alarmed which causes itself and other fish in confined volumes of water to rapidly die. Species believed to show this trait are C. adolfoi, C. arcuatus, C. melini, C. metae, C. panda, C. robineae', C. rabauti, C. atropersonatus, C. sterbai and C. trilineatus. This ability is poorly researched and other Corydoras species may be affected. [4][5]


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