Banded Cichlid (Heros severus)

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Banded Cichlid

Severum.JPG
Banded Cichlid

Heros severus

Moderate

208.198 liters
208,197.648 mL
208.2 Litres (55 US G.)

9.843 in 15-25 cm (5.9-9.8")

sg

Freshwater

pH

5.0 - 7.0

296.15 K
73.4 °F
533.07 °R
302.15 K
84.2 °F
543.87 °R
23 -29 °C (73.4-84.2°F)

6-8 °d

1:1 M:F

Common

5-10 years

This animal is available captive bred



Contents

Additional names

Severum, Banded Cichlid, Hero Cichlid, Green Severum, Gold Severum

Additional scientific names

Cichlasoma severum, Heros notatus, Heros Sp. Rotkeil


Origin

South America: Orinoco River basin, in the upper Orinoco River drainage in Colombia and Venezuela; Amazon River basin, in the upper Negro River basin.

Sexing

The males and females have very similar colouration, however, the females are slightly paler and will not have any bars on their heads.

Tank compatibility

Severums can be quite gentle and do well with most other mild tempered Cichlids. Firemouths, Acaras, and Blood Parrot can all make excellent tank mates provided the tank is large enough. Keep in mind that these fish do get rather large though, so choose other fish carefully as they need to be similar sized and fast swimming. Some possibilities are Congo Tetra, Black Skirt Tetra, and Silver Dollar Tetra.

Diet

Severums will accept most any food that is presented to them. They do enjoy greens mixed in with the diet.

Feeding regime

Feed once or twice a day.

Environment Specifics

Keep a soft substrate like sand for the bottom as they like to dig a little. Plants are not recommended because again they dig, and often uproot them as well as their desire to eat anything green in the tank. Provide a cave or hiding spot for Severums to feel safe as well as plenty of open swimming area. It is not recommended to keep a single fish in a tank smaller than 189.3 Litres (50 US G.) as adult.

Behaviour

A generally peaceful fish, the Severum will defend itself against aggressors though. The fish will also defend its territory, though disputes usually end peacefully.

Identification

The Severum is quite rounded in shape with strong lateral compression. The wild form of this fish is variable but usually a brownish to greenish with some having a brassy colour, on the flanks can be seen 8 or 9 vertical bars, these bars are more pronounced on the juveniles and by the time they reach maturity only the last one is still really visible. These bars tie together a large pale-edged black spot on the soft rayed part of the dorsal fin and a similar spot is also on the anal fin. On the flanks each scale seems to be marked with a brown-red dot giving the fish a beautiful sheen. The head of the males has a pattern of red, brown and blue-green markings. The iris of the eyes is a distinctive red. The caudal fin is yellow-green to grey-green and sometimes there is a band across the base of the fin. The ventral and dorsal fins are dark in colour and lighten to an olive green colour in the soft areas. There is also a "Gold" variant available.

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