Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)

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Lepomis macrochirus5578.jpg

Lepomis macrochirus

208 Litres (55 US G.)

19-41 cm (7.5-16.1")




7.0 - 7.5

1 -22 °C (33.8-71.6°F)

10-15 °d

1:1 M:F

Pellet Foods
Flake Foods
Live Foods

8-12 years



Additional names

Bluegill, Coppernose

Sexing[edit | edit source]

Mature males have more vivid colours in spawning season.

Tank compatibility[edit | edit source]

Best kept in large species tanks in a group, or with similar-sized robust North American fish. Smaller fish are likely to be eaten or nipped.

Diet[edit | edit source]

Bluegills are unfussy eaters, they should be fed high quality pellets or flake and supplemented with foods like bloodworm, shrimp, earthworms, crickets and wingless fruit flies. May also accept some vegetable material.

Feeding regime[edit | edit source]

Feed once or twice a day.

Environment specifics[edit | edit source]

Keep this fish in large well-filtered tanks. Planting should be robust as this fish may redecorate and the tank should be dimly lit.

Behaviour[edit | edit source]

These are shoaling fish, in the wild found in groups of 20-30 or so.

Identification[edit | edit source]

A dark blue or black "ear" on an extension of the gill cover called the opercular flap and a prominent dark blotch at the base of the dorsal fin, close to the tail. They have typically olive-green backs, with a blue or purplish sheen along the flanks and faint vertical bars may be present along the sides. Breeding males may have more blue and orange colouration on their flanks.

External links[edit | edit source]