Clown Pleco (Panaqolus maccus)

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Panaque maccus1.jpg
Hiding out in a cave

Panaqolus maccus

76 Litres (20 US G.)

10.2-12.7cm (4-5 ")




6.8 - 7.6

22.8-27.8°C (73 -82 °F)

7-20 °d

1:1 M:F

Pellet Foods
Other (See article)

2-6 years



Additional names

Clown Panaque, Clown Pleco, Ringlet Pleco, L104, L162

Additional scientific names

Peckoltia vittata, Panaque maccus


These little catfish are from Venezuela. They are found in the Apure and Caroni River basins. Their natural habitat is in areas with driftwood near riverbanks.


Males grow elongated odontodes during the breeding season. Males develop noticeable odontodes along the dorsum as well.

Tank compatibility[edit]

A peaceful Pleco that will do well with other peaceful community fish.


Will accept most vegetarian foods and will graze on algae sometimes, supplement with blanched cucumber or courgette as well as algae wafers and spirulina. Must have driftwood in the tank at all times, since it prefers driftwood over algae.

Feeding regime[edit]

Once a day. Preferably near lights out.

Environment specifics[edit]

This fish needs lots of hiding places and bogwood is essential. It prefers dim lighting and good filtration.


Shy but peaceful. Can be a little territorial and will defend a patch of ground against other Plecos. Will eventually venture out to the front if you feed at the front and provide a dim cave or overhang at the front in which it can hide.


A small Pleco with thin cream vertical bands.


External links[edit]